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Maarten Janssen, 2014-


1801. Carta de Joaquín José de Miera para su mujer doña Francisca López de la Peña.

Author(s) Joaquín José de Miera      
Addressee(s) Francisca López de la Peña      
In English

Letter from Joaquín José de Miera to his wife Francisca López de la Peña.

The author informs his wife of the new royal assignment he must fulfil and the difficulties it involves. However, he feels he will be able to carry it out successfully.

Francisca López de la Peña, Joaquín de Miera´s wife, appealed a sentence against her in which she was obliged to pay her husband´s debts. Although the sentence was issued by Seville´s Council, the defendant appealed before Castille´s Council. Joaquín de Miera had established a trading company with José del Castillo and as a result of its bankruptcy, the partner had assumed the responsibility of all the debts, together with other debts he had incurred by himself. Francisca de la Peña argued that her husband could not be blamed for those debts or other actions given that he was mentally ill as a consequence of an epidemic disease he had contracted in Cadiz in 1800. In order to prove her husban´s alienation, Francisca presented certain letters written by him in between 1800 and 1802. Presenting new exhibits to an appeal contravened the judicial mechanisms. However, a royal permission allowed for the letters to be taken into account. The plaintiffs had already provided letters as evidence proving Joaquín de Miera´s indebtedness. Originally, the letters transcribed in here were not included in the proceeding, although there are references and copies of excerpts throughout several pieces of the bundle. Despite the fact the debtor´s dementia was confirmed by the physicians and the new letters had been written by him, as verified by handwriting experts; in 1816 the Real Audiencia decided that the debt had to be paid to the creditors.

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Madrid 8 de Sepre de 1801

Francisca La nueva comisn qe el rey mi amo y señor me acaba de dar para construir sesenta navios de alto bordo me lleva a la montaña cuios montes espiran pr necesidad, y solo me ocupa la considerazn donde hallare hierro para la clavazon pro de todo se saldra, pues esta nadie puede concluirla sino yo. Por fin la prevision me obliga remitirte el poder pra recojer los millones recien venidos: ahora puedes anchar tu Corazon y comprar un buen Coche, buenos Cavallos de tiro, y quanto conduzca a tu lucimiento pero guiandote Sieme por el Juicio y la razon sin dar pie a las gentes que hablen o apuren tus operaciones asi lo espera de tu buen entendimiento tu afmo hasta morir

Joaquin Josef de Miera



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